Cell Benchmarking

Specifications for cells are getting more difficult to locate and are containing less data, therefore, I thought it might be good to do some informal google search based cell benchmarking. If we pick off some of the most important cells and list the high level specifications and link to other pages, papers and references where they have been tested we could piece together a better picture.

Also, I think we can link to the application benchmarks and use that data as a reference as to what the cell is actually capable of. Of course, their are some great cell specification sheets and we will link to them as well.

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  • Blade – long thin prismatic cell design that has revolutionised the EV market by enabling a high enough system level energy density for LFP chemistry to work. Blade cell to pack design.
  • FC4680P – 15Ah LFP cylindrical cell in the Tesla 4680 cylindrical format.


  • 46145 LFP – not many details of the CATL 46145 LFP cell as yet. However, it’s worth sharing as we know already that CATL are lined up to supply 46xx cells for the 2025 BMW Gen6 packs.


  • L600 Astroinno – lithium manganese iron phosphate (LMFP) battery cell


  • NaCR32140-MP10 – sodium ion cylindrical cell. Cold temperature performance is very strong along with cycle performance.

LG Energy

  • INR18650 MJ1 – 3.5Ah NMC cylindrical cell
  • INR21700 M50 – 5Ah NMC811 + SiOx 21700 cylindrical cell
    • M50T
    • M50LT
  • E66a – pouch cell used in a number of vehicles, most notably the 800V Porsche Taycan and it’s Audi sister the e-tron GT quattro.


  • P45B
    • Genuine P45B Tests – measured with calibrated precision class 0.01 instruments for rated capacity measurement STANDARD at C/5 to 5C.


What was originally the Sony cell designs.

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  • NCR18650B –
  • NCR21700A – one of the cells that we need to benchmark and list resources available.


  • Unified Cell – a vision from VW to simplify it’s battery packs with one cell design that works across more than 80% of it’s products.

Samsung SDi



  • 50Ah Lithium Metal Cell – specification sheet released in December 2022. A claimed energy density of 357Wh/kg makes this an interesting development.


  • 4680 cell
    • 4680 cell design – a look at the cell design with references to teardowns on YouTube and other sources
    • 4680 Cathode Porosity – an estimation of the cathode porosity using an image processing technique.


  • SHE350-106Ah – a semi-solid state cell that is very close to that used in the 150kWh NIO battery pack.

Cell Specifications

What do we need to see on a cell specifications sheet? Of course we need high level data, but I think we need quite a bit more. This is my starter, but I would like to develop this list into a more concise draft for a datasheet.