Rupture Disc Integration for Overpressure Mitigation

OsecoElfab image of a burst disc

Enhancing Li-Ion Battery Safety: The Imperative of Rupture Disc Integration for Overpressure Mitigation Author: OsecoElfab Introduction The rapid growth of Li-Ion batteries in various industries, including electric vehicles, portable electronics, and renewable energy storage, brings to the forefront a critical safety concern: thermal runaway and its potential to trigger overpressure explosions. To address this imminent … Read more

Fire Mitigation Strategies

options for thermal barriers

Author: Nrusimhan Seshadri, Balance Batteries Having looked at the challenges and regulatory standards relating to fire hazards posed by Li-ion batteries in the previous article, in this article we will have a look at some of the fire mitigation strategies deployed across 10 BEVs in the current market. The choice of thermal barrier materials (TBMs) for a … Read more

What Happens if a Cell goes into Thermal Runaway?

battery cell in thermal runaway

Author: Nrusimhan Seshadri, Balance Batteries Thermal hazards of (Li-ion batteries) LiB’s are well known. The spontaneous exothermic release of energy from LiBs when subjected thermal, mechanical and/or electrical abuse is referred as thermal runaway. Though the chances of thermal runaway in modern EV’s are extremely low, the danger posed  by EV battery fires can’t be … Read more

Battery Thermal Runaway

Lithium-ion batteries power devices ranging from smartphone and laptops to electric vehicles; highlighting how essential they are to our everyday lives. However, despite their widespread use, safety concerns persist. Here, battery thermal runaway can lead to catastrophic explosions, fire and generation of toxic smoke. Therefore, mitigating these risks will be essential for the mass market … Read more

Cell Level Fusing

Accelonix cell wire bonding

When we connect cells in parallel to increase the capacity we might also want cell level fusing. This fusing being by definition designed to disconnect a cell that for some reason is sinking or delivering high currents. The fusing can be inside the cell and sealed or external to the cell, sometimes both internal and … Read more

EUCAR Hazard Levels

EUCAR Hazard Levels

The EUCAR Hazard Levels define the outcome of cell level safety testing. These levels are normally used to describe the outcome of tests such as overcharge as part of the cell specification. Description Description Classification Level & Effect 0 No effect No effect. No loss of functionality 1 Passive protection activated No defect; no leakage; … Read more

Thermal Runaway vs Electrical Energy

thermal runaway energy vs electrical energy for smaller cells

The energy released during Thermal Runaway versus the electrical energy stored in a battery. The energy released during Thermal Runaway (TR) versus the stored electrical energy. A number has been bandied around for a long time that the energy released in a TR event was 2 to 6 times the electrical energy stored in the … Read more

Cell Internal Short Circuits

particle or debris in a cell

Although very rare, cell internal short circuits are a leading cause of battery thermal runaway. They are a major safety issue for any application of a battery pack. Hence there is a requirement to prevent them and to detect them. Common hazards of battery thermal runaway include toxic off-gassing, smoke, fire, and even an explosion. … Read more

What happens when batteries are abused?

Billy Wu when batteries go wrong

Lithium-ion batteries are an essential component in electric vehicles, however their safety remains a key challenge. This video explores the science behind what happens when batteries are abused and when they fail. Starting from how a battery cell works, this presentation from Billy Wu at the Dyson School of Engineering takes you through the basics … Read more