The modelling of any battery pack will cover the electrical-thermal performance attributes of the cells. This mathematical modelling is likely to initially be a simple spreadsheet based model, then over time as the data and requirements mature so will the model.
Battery Cell Modelling
By conducting experiments to measure the battery voltage at various SoCs and temperatures it is possible to develop phenomenological models that relate the applied current and the voltage. An equivalent circuit model (ECM) is one such phenomenological model most widely used in industry to simulate the voltage response for subsequent Battery Management System control and state estimation.
Digital Twin of a Battery Module
The capacity and resistance differences of cells amplify the inhomogeneity at a system level and results in accelerated aging and degradation.
For the module design, where many cells are in parallel, the BMS typically does not have access to individual cell currents and temperatures.
We aim to predict current, state of health and temperature of each cell in the module (or pack) via modelling the interaction between cell and busbar and weld quality.
There are lots of packages available to model the electrochemistry, cell, module and pack level at electrical, thermal, mechanical, safety, control and even at the atomistic electrochemical level. We have listed the different packages available in a table so that you can search, sort and download it.