Renault Zoe

The Renault Zoe is a supermini electric vehicle. Since 2012, the Zoe has been the all-time top selling all-electric car in the French market, with more than 420,000 units has been sold till date. 30th March 2024 is the date set for end of production as the sales and market continues to decline for this iconic French model(4) The successor will be R5 which was just recently unveiled.

2012 Renault Zoe ZE

  • Usable energy = 22kWh (25.92kWh total)
  • Configuration = 96s2p
  • Cell = 36Ah
  • Pack weight = 280kg
Renault Zoe ZE40 2016

2016 Renault Zoe ZE 40

  • Usable energy = 41kWh (44.1kWh total)
  • Configuration = 96s2p
  • Cell = LG Chem 63/65Ah
  • Pack weight = 305kg

Note: the later Zoe ZE 40 has the same battery as the ZE 50 and is software limited in energy capacity [2].

2019 Renault Zoe ZE 50

  • Usable energy = 52kWh (54.7kWh total)
  • Configuration = 96s2p
  • Cell = LGX E78
  • Pack weight = 326kg
Renault Zoe ZE50

All three of these packs have used LG Chem pouch cells as the basis for the packs. Increasing the capacity of the cell at each update, but also increasing the usable window at each update.

Future Direction

It has been reported that Luca de Meo, Renault CEO, has announced that the brand’s all-electric ZOE will be discontinued between 2023 and 2024. The ZOE, which is the best selling electric car in Europe, will be replaced by the Renault R5. This is all part of Renault’s ‘Renaulution’ strategy that will be implemented over the coming years.

Renault Zoe energy density versus year

It is interesting to compare this pack to the Nissan Leaf.

Similar vehicles and offering in terms of specifications and user base.

In terms of battery pack gravimetric energy density the Renault Zoe s ahead of the Nissan Leaf at each update.


  1. Renault EV Sales In France Is Booming: 17,650 Sold In H1 2020, InsideEVs
  2. New generation Renault ZOE battery details, PushEVs
  3. Renault Zoe electric car to be discontinued by 2024 and replaced by Renault R5, ElectricDrives
  4. Date set for Renault Zoe end of production, Electrive

benchmarking battery packs

Key Pack Metrics

When designing a battery pack you will always be asked to benchmark it. For this there are a number of key metrics

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