Cell-to-Cell Variation and Deterministic Pack Effects

BrillPower cell to cell variation

How Random Cell-to-Cell Variation and Deterministic Pack Effects Determine Pack Capacities was a poster presented by Brill Power at the Oxford Battery Modelling Symposium 2024. This looked at how thermal gradient impacts battery cell degradation and consequently battery pack capacity. Written by: Jorn Reniers, Martin Rogall and Adrien Bizeray, Brill Power, Oxford, UK 1. Cell-to-cell … Read more

Investigation of Catastrophic Battery Failures

field failure investigation of escooter battery

This Investigation of Catastrophic Battery Failures looks at field failures of lithium ion batteries in devices such as e-scooters and e-bikes. This is a summary of: Holloway, J.; Maharun, M.; Houmadi, I.; Remy, G.; Piper, L.; Williams, M.A.; Loveridge, M.J. Developing Preventative Strategies to Mitigate Thermal Runaway in NMC532-Graphite Cylindrical Cells Using Forensic Simulations. Batteries 2024, 10, 104. … Read more

Measurement of Open Circuit Voltage

open circuit voltage versus SoC for different chemistry

The measurement of Open Circuit Voltage can be time consuming as it needs to be established versus the State of Charge (SoC) of the cell. Doing this in fine steps from 0% to 100%, with the measurement being made “at rest”, means we have to charge/discharge and then let it rest before making the voltage measurement. The … Read more

Sources of Error with the Coulomb Counting Method

SoC definition for Samsung SDI 94Ah cell

It is really important to understand the sources of error with the coulomb counting method as this forms the backbone for most SOC estimation algorithms. SoC Estimation by Coulomb Counting is based on the measurement of the current and integration of that current over time. There are five main sources of error with the coulomb … Read more

Thermocouple vs Thermistor

thermistor

Looking at the thermocouple vs thermistor for temperature sensing in the world of battery design. Cell temperature is a critical parameter. Although you might not be able to measure every cell, you need to measure a few in order that you can estimate the maximum and minimum. Thermocouple A thermocouple functions based on the Seebeck … Read more

Remaining Useful Life

What is Remaining Useful Life (RUL)? Remaining Useful Life (RUL) is a key function declared by the battery management system. As per the title it gives you the remaining predicted lifetime of the battery based on its usage and degradation to the failure threshold [1]. It represents the period from the observation to the end of life … Read more

In the Cloud

Cloud vs Local Battery Management System

Intelligent Battery Management Systems Battery Management Systems (BMS) are crucial for optimizing the operation of batteries by monitoring and controlling key parameters. Through real-time measurements of voltage, current, and temperature, BMSs can predict a battery’s performance, aiding in making informed decisions to enhance its lifespan and charging efficiency. The core functionalities include: These capabilities of … Read more