VW Benchmarking ID 3, 4, 5 and Buzz

In the previous article, I wrote a detailed analysis of VW MEB Platform and Battery pack for ID 4 and ID 3. You can read the article here. VW ID 3,4,5 and Buzz comes in various models Pure, Pro, Pro.S, Pro Performance, GTX. We will see the benchmarking based on the battery pack module configuration. In this article, we will thus consider the 3 Types of battery pack Configuration: 8 Modules, 9 Modules and 12 Modules. This is live article as we get more information we will fill this in the Table.

Vehicle Models by module packs

  • 8 Modules Pack
    • VW ID 4
      • ID 4 Pure 148 PS (109 kW)
      • ID 4 Pure Performance 170 PS (125 kW)
  • 9 Modules Pack
    • VW ID 3
      • ID 3 Pro Performance 204 PS (150 kW)
  • 12 Modules Pack
    • VW ID 3
      • ID 3 Pro S 204 PS (150 kW)
    • VW ID 4
      • ID4 Pro 174 PS (128 kW)
      • ID 4 Pro Performance 4 Motion 265 PS (195 kW)
      • ID 4 GTX 299 PS (220 kW)
    • VW ID 5
      • ID 5 Pro 174 PS (128 kW)
      • ID 5 Pro Performance 204 PS (150 kW)
      • ID 5 GTX 299 PS (220 kW)
    • VW ID BUZZ
      • ID Buzz 204 PS (150 kW)

Specifications VW ID 3,4,5 and Buzz

Pack Specifications

Specifications8 Modules
Battery Pack
9 Modules
Battery Pack
12 Modules
Battery Pack
Comment
Total Energy (kWh)556182
Usable Energy (kWh)525877
Usable Window (%)95%95%95%Estimated
power (W)
Continuous Power (W)
Nominal Voltage (V)
Nominal Pack Capacity (Ah)
Voltage Range (V)
Weight (kg)Estimated
328
Estimated
359
From Munro Live
489
All Weights other than the ID 4 are assumed by adding or removing module weight 31 kg from ID 4 weight
Volume (litres)288288369Source 5
Pack dimensions
x,y,z (cm)
142 x 145 x 14142 x 145 x 14182 x 145 x 14Source 5
Charge time (hours)
Home/public @ 7 kW
(OBC 11kW AC)
~8 hrs~9 hrs~12 hrs
Charge time (hours)
Fast Charging DC to DC
125 kW

Cell and Module Specifications

Specifications8 Modules
Battery Pack
9 Modules
Battery Pack
12 Modules
Battery Pack
Comment
Total Number of Cells
(#)
192216240based on 24 cells per module * Module number (7,8,9,12)
Module Configurations
(#s#p)
12s2p12s2p8s3p
Total Battery Pack Configuration
(#s#p)
96s2p108s2p96s3p
Cell formatPouch Cell
Prismatic
Pouch Cell
Prismatic
Pouch Cell
Prismatic
Cell ManufacturerLG Chem
Pouch Cell
CATL, SK Innovation, PowerCO Prismatic
LG Chem
Pouch Cell
CATL, SK Innovation, PowerCO Prismatic
LG Chem
Pouch Cell
CATL, SK Innovation, PowerCO Prismatic
Cell Chemistry (Pouch)NCM712NCM712NCM712source 3
Nominal Voltage per cell (V) – Pouch Cell3.653.653.65source 3
Nominal Capacity Per Cell (Ah) – Pouch Cell787878source 3
Cell Mass (kg or g)1073 g1073 g1073 gsource 3
Cooling SystemAluminium Base Plate Water CooledAluminium Base Plate Water CooledAluminium Base Plate Water Cooled
Pack Cost27000$Source 4 but take it with grain of Salt, this is dealer price

Source:

  1. VW official Website
  2. EV Database
  3. LG E78 Chemistry
  4. VW Parts battery pack 0Z1915910Q
  5. VW website news post about MEB – dimensions

Key Pack Metrics VW ID 3,4,5 and Buzz

When designing a battery pack you will always be asked to benchmark it. For this there are a number of key metrics:

Key Pack Metrics8 Modules
Battery Pack
9 Modules
Battery Pack
12 Modules
Battery Pack
Comment
Safety
Wh/kg – Pack Gravimetric Energy Density~158.5~161.5~157.58,9 Module pack is based on estimated weight
Wh/Litre~180~201~208
W/kg
W/litre
$/kWh
Cell to Pack mass ratio~62.8%~64.5%~52.6%8 and 9 Module packs have empty spaces whereas 12 module pack is efficiently packed. Again pack weight is assumed
cell to Pack Volume ratio
Module to Pack mass Ratio~75.6%~77.7%76%8,9 Module pack is based on estimated weight. Module weight assumed 31kg
Durability – % of pack capacity available after 10 years

A first look at pack metrics versus application and what is important and what is not.

5 = important

1 = not important

References

  1. “Battery requirements for future automotive applications”, EUCAR, EG BEV&FCEV, July 2019

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