Battery Value Chain

The battery value chain looks at the whole eco system from mining the raw materials through to recycling.

major steps in the battery value chain

The value is perhaps normally thought of simply in terms of financial returns, but this eco system needs to look at many factors:

  • money
  • skills
  • trade
  • industrial base
  • environment

It also needs to look ahead at the technology roadmap, resources and legislation.

  1. Mining
  2. Refining
  3. Cell Components
  4. Cell Assembly
  5. Pack Components
  6. Pack Assembly
  7. Product Assembly
  8. In-use
  9. Service and repair
  10. Remanufacture
  11. Re-use
  12. Recycling

As we look at each of these we see underlying common themes such as Research, Logistics and Training.

cell manufacture schematic

Battery Cell Manufacturing Process

In order to engineer a battery pack it is important to understand the fundamental building blocks, including the battery cell manufacturing process. This will allow you to understand some of the limitations of the cells and differences between batches of cells. Or at least understand where these may arise.