Key Parameters for Dielectric Fluids

dielectric cooling image of cells

What are the key parameters for dielectric fluids as used in a battery pack? We take a look at a few reference papers to build an initial list. There are many options for cooling batteries. However, dielectric immersion cooling is seen as perhaps the ultimate high performance cooling method for battery cells. In this particular … Read more

What is Calorimetry?

adiabatic calorimeter designed for battery testing

Author: Mario Toubes-Rodrigo, Application Specialist, H.E.L Group Calorimetry is a branch of thermodynamics that deals with heat transfer quantification. Heat can be transferred during a variety of processes, such as chemical reactions, phase changes, or dissolution of solutes in a solvent. Calorimetry follows the first law of thermodynamics, which states that energy cannot be created … Read more

Base vs Side Cooling Cylindrical Cells

cylindrical cell base versus end cooling

Base vs side cooling of cylindrical cells is often brought up in online discussions and in many OEMs designing battery packs. We looked at this before within Thermal Conduction in a Cell, however, I think it is worth expanding this topic. The Tesla design cools the side of the cell and the Lucid Motors cools … Read more

Pouch Cell Design and Edge Cooling

Looking at the pouch cell design and edge cooling evolution allows us to appreciated the importance of battery cell electro-thermal behaviour. Fundamentally pouch cells are made from multiple layers of active material all applied to copper and aluminium electrodes that are sandwiched and compressed together. The copper and aluminium electrodes have very good in-plane thermal … Read more

Pouch Cell Cooling

Looking at the benchmarks there are a number of pouch cell cooling options that have been used and threads where we can see improvements to designs. Firstly thought it is worth just reminding ourselves of the heat generation mechanism in a battery cell. Heat Generation in a Cell can be defined quite simple for the … Read more

Cell Temperature Gradient

A cell temperature gradient can limit performance and the lifetime of the cell. Therefore, it is important to design the battery to minimise the temperature gradient. This can be particularly difficult in the case of high performance battery packs. The maximum temperature differential in a cell is normally specified as ~2°C to minimise the degradation … Read more

Battery Cooling Options

Forced Air Cooling

There are many battery cooling options, which is better or best depends on the cell selection and application. There is no right and wrong. However, let’s look at them and at a first attempt list of advantages and disadvantages. Note: all of the images show a section through cylindrical cells, but each of these cooling … Read more