Photo Etching

ACE busbars

Whether prototyping or creating busbars for production runs we often want high quality parts and this is where photo etching comes into it’s own. Advanced Chemical Etching take us through the process of photo etching and how this can be used to create high quality aluminium or copper parts. We are concentrating on busbars, but … Read more

Aluminium Busbar

Tesla Model Y 4680 Busbar

Electrical grade aluminum busbar material also known as ec grade aluminum busbar. Compared to copper busbars aluminium offers a weight and cost save, but requires an increase in cross-sectional area of ~62%. Hence aluminium busbars need more volume for packaging. The common grades of aluminum for electrical busbars: 1060 1100 1350 6063 6101 Cross-Sectional Area … Read more

How to select EV Fuses

fuse breaking energy

The fuse selection procedure is very similar to contactor selection and complementary parameters help to select EV fuses. Fuse datasheets include breaking current-time characteristics. Some of the fuse manufacturers also provide thermal and mechanical characteristics. Thermal and Mechanical Specifications Fuses are simple busbars with melting elements inside. Therefore, the initial step is always to define … Read more

How to select EV Contactors

contactor current rating vs time

Contactor selection is an iterative process that includes consideration of system specifications as well as failure scenarios. Most of the contactor manufacturers share necessary information in datasheets. Thus, a wise approach would be making a comparison table to cover basic specifications like thermal and mechanical initially. System Specifications After pre-selection based on datasheet values, we … Read more

Contactors: The Basics

contactor schematic

Contactors are electromechanical switches. They control the connection of battery Cells to the external electrical circuit. A contactor has an electromagnetic circuit. It simply works like a solenoid to push moving contact [1]. Therefore, contactors have two different electrical circuits inside: one is for actuation and the other one is to carry currents during the … Read more

Fuses: The Basics

fuse schematic

Fuses are protection devices that protect electrical circuits against undesired high currents. We can use passive fuses and pyro fuses in battery design. Passive Fuse Passive fuses break the circuit only as a result of high currents for a certain time. They have a weak internal structure as a melting element. During high currents above … Read more

Electrical System of Battery

The electrical design of the battery pack is associated with fundamental electrical elements. These elements are Busbars, Contactors, Fuses, pre-charge resistors, current sensors, HV (High Voltage) and LV (Low Voltage) Connectors, and wiring harnesses. Busbars are electrically conductive materials that maintain current flow from the cells to the external electrical loads. Aluminum and copper are … Read more

Cells in Series

When connecting cells in series the negative terminal of the first cell is connected to the positive terminal of the second cell. The negative terminal of the second cell is connected to the positive terminal of the third cell. This continues until we reach the total number of cells required in series. The nominal voltage … Read more